What is the difference between SIGHT WORD and High frequency word. Why it is called a sight word. At what grade level student should learn sight and high frequency word. what is the easiest way to remember sight word.
The best way for kids to learn sight words is to practice reading books that use the words over and over. That is better than isolated lists of words. What I do when tutoring young kids is write down what words they struggle with and have them practice those specific words.
I would like to add that I think a combination of the two methods is not a bad idea. I agree that phonics will lead to better more self -directed readers in the future.
I agree with auntlori in the phonics vs. whole language debate. My education degree came between 1999 and 2003, a time (it seemed) when whole language learning was all the rage. I hated it and disagreed passionately with the practice even without any experience!
But instead of adding to the discent on this thread, I will put in a quick positive plug for ways in which sight word learning is more effective than rote memory. Consider for a moment, a typical pre-school, kindergarten or 1st grade classroom. Remember how everything was labeled? I believe this is still an effective way to teach words, not just sight words. Surrounding kids with letters and language--in color!--is a great way to eliminate fear and intimidation in a subtle way.
Sight words are generally taught to students by memorization, so that they recognize them when they see them (on sight). In phonics-based reading instruction, students are taught to decode words by sounding them out and applying the rules of phonics. There are 42 sounds in English, but only 26 letters of the alphabet, so the student needs to know the sounds associated with combinations of letters, not just the single letters themselves. In phonics, theoretically there is no need for learning sight words, because the student should be able to decode any combination of letters.
Sight words are taught from a whole-language perspective, meaning that students need to be able to recognize words as a whole.
I understand you're a student who is presumably preparing to teach within a year--an exciting prospect, by the way! You have the answer to your question, above, as well as an indication of some dissatisfaction with this kind of reading instruction. Learning and memorizing a list of words which are recognizable by sight is not more effective than learning how to sound out words phonetically. Studying phonics consistently works; learning through a more whole language approach such you're asking about here doesn't work consistently or effectively, based on my 28 years of observation in an English classroom. Obviously you have to work within the instruction you're given while a student; I'd simply encourage you to do some research and consider phonics instruction as a viable and effective alternative. You've been asking a lot of questions, I notice, and I appreciate your desire to learn and grow. That usually makes for a great teacher!
There are plenty of different ways to introduce sight words, but the most commonly-known (and unfortunately practiced) is the method of Rote Learning. Rote learning means that the student will see the word, repeat it, memorize it, and maybe apply it at a later time. Yet, the more times they see and repeat the word (it is thought) that the more chances the student will have to recall the word. The repetition of the word also hopes and anticipates that the recalling of the word will come from long term memory after a period of immediately recall from short term memory.
Thanks for using Enotes!
Vocabulary should always be learned in context and the more that the student uses the new words, the more likely that the student is going to be able to use it. Just memorizing a list of words is useless unless they can actually use them.