Define metacognition with examples.

Expert Answers
Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Metacognition can be defined as "thinking about thinking."  Essentially, metacognition focuses on knowledge acquisition and how a learner "knows" something.  This study goes to the heart of how an individual learns.  

Metacognition is essential in a field such as education.  For example, metacognition can be seen when teachers differentiate lessons to specific learning styles of students or specific intelligences of their students.  This is metacognitive because it focuses on how learning is acquired, and how students learn.  Metacognition can be seen in analyzing how studying for assessments looks different in different subjects.  The way in which a successful student reviews for a Math assessment involves a different skill set than when writing a paper for an English class.  Being able to break both realities down to students is reflective of metacognition.  Students become more successful when they understand the metacognitive basis for learning and do not simply dismiss it as "luck" or something arbitrary.  There is a reason and rationale behind academic or intellectual understanding.  The exploration of this is metacognition.

sid-sarfraz | Student

Meta-cognition basically means as to know about yourself, your knowledge and your mental power, that how you can solve a particular matter and what strategies can you plan in doing so and how will they be regularized.

Basically meta-cognition includes;

  • Task given
  • Identify the Task that how can it be done
  • Review strategies and options that can be used
  • Select the option that you think is best to use
  • See how will it work


  • In everyday life, you meet new people and you have problem in remembering their names
  • When you want to remember someone's name and you keep on reminding yourself to do so
  • When solving a math problem and making sure that it is done properly and the solution is correct