I observed that female African poets are relatively few. Is it a factor of low creative ability, a fear of poetry or preference for prose and drama?
I would suggest that if female African poets are underrepresented, it indicates a lack of opportunity for this segment of the population to have the luxury of time to write poetry and then to have opportunity for it to be published.
Historically, African poetry draws its roots from the long and strong tradition of oral history and commentary passed down from generation to generation of tribal poets. If a society was patriarchal in nature, these poets would most likely be male and would most probably groom a younger male to be the successor. Schooling and general education for all youngsters of both sexes has not been a widespread or common institution in many parts of Africa up to this day, which doesn't help support the development of feminine authors.