Pedagogy and Andragogy are both the composite of strategies and interventions used with the focus of teaching. Pedagogy is a more broad study because it involves teaching in general, under the assumption that this process of teaching will begin from a very early age (peda-child).
Andragogy is also the composite of strategies and interventions used to teach but the focus is toward an individual at X stage of life, presumably an adult or an older learner. The difference, however, is not just the age of the student but what the age itself entails, namely, more versus less motivation, more versus less ability, and more versus less potential for retention. Therefore, both practices differ in terms of intervention, purpose, and style of teaching.
Parents are their children's primary teachers. Not only do they support the academic learning acquired at school, but they teach their children everything else that is of value to make healthy and responsible citizens. This includes values, morals, manners, consequences, love, friendship, and much more.
When a child reaches an age where he or she wants and can start to make independent choices, a parent must realize that the grown up child, say, an adolescent is capable of making personal choices. Let's take driving, for example.
A child reaches the age of 16 presumably capable to drive a personal vehicle. If the test is passed, the licence is acquired, and the child is legally able to drive, then the parent must respect that the child is ready to drive if there is a vehicle available. Therefore, if the child has a car and a license, he or she has the right to drive to school, to medical appointments, or to work. Using andragogy, parents can still foment some lessons onto their children that will motivate them to be better drivers, or to make good choices. This means that when a parent teaches an older child good and motivating ways to be a good driver, without condescending or arguing, the parent is taking into consideration
- the fact that the child is of age
- the need of independence of the child
- the want of the child to be a driver
- the fact that adolescents do not like to be embarrassed when spoken to
- the fact that adolescents are capable to have intelligence and respectful conversations with their parents about any topic.
This is the adragogical approach to teaching something to adolescents: to keep their unique personalities and needs respected and considered. The parent is using every single approach possible to reach the attention and interest of the adolescent because of the unique way that they learn as grown up children.
Whenever a parent teaches a child, the approach is always going to be pedagogical because the parent is speaking from the perspective of an older, caring, protective and loving guardian. The separation occurs when the parent is willing to move away from the protective, caring, and loving parental role, and allow the child to make independent choices while teaching the child respectfully and acknowledging that an older child needs to be spoken to and taught differently.