I think the Phillipines have their own established system independent of that in the United States, and definitely more effective for many reasons. One thing about their system is that they hold their teachers to high standards of professionalism and respect, they do not rely solely on high stakes testing, they have smaller class sizes, and they have a society that highly values education. These factors make it more likely that their system will be more successful in reality, and not just theory. I certainly hope no countries are using the US as a model of education any longer. The system has definitely crumbled.
The school year calendar is different. I have noticed that when students come to America, they often get put in the wrong grade. This could be solved with communication though. I know that the educational system in the Phillipines is pretty comporable to America, in some places.
Interesting question. I actually think the educational principles outlined in "Understanding by Design" are brilliant. Essentially, this theory makes the classroom student-centered, and the teacher acts a facilitator of authentic learning experiences. Great idea.
Is it happening throughout the US public school system? Hah!
I think, like everything else, the United States' public education, as an institution, is filled with good intentions, but the reality does not always match the theory of reality. I'm not sure that the US educational system should be the world-wide precedent, but I do not know enough about other countries to say who should.
I am not sure whether I entirely understand your question. Are you talking about whether Filipino immigrants to the US need to follow the US educational system, or are you trying to compare the Filipino educational system with that of the US? If it is the second option, #2 has given you a good response. If it is the first, as far as I know the American education system expects every child, no matter what his or her origin, to follow the US educational system.
I don't know that Filipinos always do this anyway. After all, in the Philippines you go to high school after 6th grade, not 8th, right? And your school year starts in June, not in August or September. (At least, that's how it is with my relatives there...)
There is a lot more emphasis on Filipino things like language and history now than there used to be as well. There's even (at least in my father's opinion) a lot more of a "nationalist" approach to things. He talks about how in his day they used libro instead of aklat which is now more common. He's mentioned other examples of the use of Tagalog words that were never used in his (right after the war) days.
So, I was wondering in what ways you feel that the Filipino educational system does simply follow the US. Is it in the use of English? Anyway, I'd be very interested to hear.