I think teaching reading is one of the most difficult tasks for a teacher, yet the most important. It definitely is an art, and I know some teachers who are great at it, but find it difficult to explain to someone what they actually do to be successful at teaching students to read--that is because it is an art. Teaching reading is more difficult today than ever. In order to become a good reader, one must read. And today, there are so many non reading activities that children participate in (watching TV, playing video games,etc.) that they don't read enough to become good readers.
Reading is definitely an art and is more difficult for some to master than others. I totally agree with the previous responder who stated that support at home is very important. I have a student (middle school) who cannot read well but I have found that this student has parents who do not believe that this is important which completely baffles me. Reading is SO important and it saddens me that some students just do not get the support and encouragement that they need at home.
I teach second grade, and get the full spectrum! Some kids come to me reading at 4th and 5th grade levels while others are at pre-primer levels. Those lower kids, of course, get the bulk of my attention when it comes to reading instruction. They are also pulled out of the classroom for specialized reading instruction. It is these students, who generally do not have support at home and who do not grasp new concepts easily, that needed that first grade teacher who had the gift for teaching reading.
Many students will pick reading up through observation and basic instruction, but the artistry comes into play when students don't simply "get it".
As a high school teacher, I have students read aloud with some regularity. It doesn't take long to figure out which had good reading instruction (generally including phonics) and which did not. I know it's about the kids, too, but the instruction is key. Love and passion for reading is hard to generate when reading is a struggle. Reading is so important in every subject area in school, not to mention for life after graduation. Giving students the ability to read effectively is one of the greatest gifts--ever. Thanks to all the early ed teachers who are doing just that!
Absolutely. It's also an acquired taste. Students who read early and often develop their vocabulary so much more fully by high school and adulthood that it affects every other layer of their education. As they reach the critical mass point of reading development, they begin to like reading for reading's sake - it becomes enjoyment rather than a chore. This may be the single most important thing we can do for a child in Elementary education, as it will make them much more independent and permanent learners.
I certainly agree that teaching young children to read is an art. I do not think everyone (nor every trained teacher) is capable of doing it.
I think the next part of your statement is ideal - however not necessary. Young children learn new concepts relatively quickly and easily by being surrounded by whatever it is. I think learning to read is similar to learning language - it is a matter of repetition, desire, and complete and total immersion in words, books, and pictures.
Interest, interest, interest!!! Getting to the heart of reading is to get the student engaged, excited, and motivated by using high interest texts. For struggling readers I have found that when you discover what they are really interested in and locate an appropriate level text for their entry level, it makes a huge difference. With younger students learning to read, they often are motivated themselves and already excited to read so then it becomes more important to know your student's phonemic awareness and concepts about print and go from where they are at.
I don't remember when I first began reading; it was certainly before 1st grade. There are many, many preschool or Kindergarten-level books that are also very enjoyable. I say get kids reading as soon as possible by feeding them books that they enjoy.
I now tutor my own students, and I always assign them a book that is as close to their level as possible, and hopefuly enjoyable as well. This may not be the most organized method of teaching, but the best thing you can do for a student is to get them reading.
To teach reading in the early period of an individual. You must consider these considerations to attained your purpose and teach it effectively:
a. What kind of students do you have?
b. What level of reading they are in? Do you want to teach them in an easy-difficult level or easy only?
c. Do you what to make your student enjoy the reading activities or you just wanted to be serious on it and focus on the content?
d. What values you want to inculcate on them?
e. Do you have a wide range of idea on that literary form?
f. Do you have real-life situations or experiences to link the ideas presented in the readings
g. What are you're expected observations and reactions you wanted to see? Are they attained? Are you ready to see what they like and dislike?
Perhaps, this will help you. It will draw you some conclusions when you answer these questions. I hope i help.