In my opinion, "Kubla Khan" celebrates the imagination, especially the imagination of the poetic genius.
The poem takes us on a journey from the ordinary imagination to the powerful, prophetic imagination of the genius. All forms of imagination are good, but the prophetic imagination is more dangerous.
The ordinary imagination is represented in the first stanza of the poem. This a beautiful but placid place. Coleridge's speaker describes it using lovely images. It is a fertile land with bright gardens, walls, a tower, forests, hills, and "many an incense-bearing tree." One can imagine wandering quite happily in this sweetly scented and fruitful landscape.
The imagination of the poetic genius, however, is a wilder place. It's characterized by a tumultuous "fountain" that crashes down and sends up spray and "huge fragments" as it explode against the rock below. Unlike the more placid landscape of the first stanza, this is "a savage place." It is "holy," "enchanted," and
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