Eudora Welty's main character is clearly pivotal to the theme and plot of her narrative, so naming the story after her seems appropriate, especially because the name of the old woman is so significant. With just "Phoenix" as the title, the reader will associate the resurrection of the old woman from her sightings of ghosts, her falls on the ground, her disappointments at not having money, her impediments of prejudice--all of which do not deter her from obtaining the medicine for her grandson. Moreover, in contrast to the pitiable boy, old Phoenix even conquers death as she insists upon making the trip along the worn path to the clinic. And, in spite of the fact that the boy may well be already death. But, in her mind, the grandson of Phoenix is not dead; he too, rises from the ashes as she adamantly keeps him alive in her mind, declaring,
...I remembers so plain now I not going to forget him, no, the whole enduring times. i could tell him from all the others in creation.