Locate any extrema and points of inflection for the graph of `y=x^2ln(x/4) ` :
The domain for the function is x>0.
Extrema can only occur at critical points, or where the first derivative is zero or fails to exist.
`y'=2xln(x/4)+x ` This is continuous and differentiable for all x in the domain so we set it equal to zero:
`2xln(x/4)+x=0 ==> ln(x/4)=-1/2 `
` x/4=e^(-1/2) ==> x=4e^(-1/2)~~2.43 `
For 0<x<4e^(-1/2) the first derivative is negative, greater it is positive so there is a minimum at `x=4e^(-1/2) ` which is the only extrema.
Any inflection points can only occur if the second derivative is zero:
`2ln(x/4)+3=0 ==> ln(x/4)=-3/2 ==> x=4e^(-3/2)~~.89 ` so there is an inflection point at `x=4e^(-3/2) ` as the concavity changes from concave down to concave up.