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Tundra is a biome that is characterized by a very cold climate. The climate is cold enough that part of the subsoil remains frozen all year. This frozen layer of subsoil is called permafrost.
Because tundra is so cold and has such a short growing season, there are very few trees in this biome. The main kind of flora are grasses and sedges. Lichens live in this biome as well.
The major animals in Canadian tundra include wolves, arctic foxes, polar bears and caribou. Insects are extremely plentiful in the spring.
The northern most part of Canada falls in arctic tundra region, which is a very cold and dry regions where trees don't grow. Tundra experiences long and very cold winters and short cool summers. The average temperature is -29 degrees C, and the summer temperature ranges from 3 to 12 degrees C. However i summer also the soil below the ground level from depth of 30 to 150 centimeters remains permanently frozen. This prevents growth of trees there. But plants grow rapidly in summer and cover the ground with bright flowers. The pants of the arctic tundra include cinquefoils, fireweeds, louseworts and saxifrages. A thick growth of lichens covers most of the land.
Animals of the arctic tundras include polar and grizzly bear, caribou, musk-oxen, reindeer, lemmings, snowy owls, stoats, arctic wolves, arctic hare and arctic ground squirrel. Sea animals like seal and walrus live along the coastline, Fishes like arctic char live in lakes and rivers.Migratory birds like geese and terns migrate there in summer.
The Canadian tundra is a biome that consists of long cold, often harsh, winters, short cool summers, and very low incidents of precipitation. Tundra vegetation is limited but varied to include types of lichen, mosses, and grasses. In the spring and summer the landscape is exposed to extra long daylight hours which leads to quick plant growth.
There are no trees and the Land is covered by permafrost. In the country Canada, it extends from the Mackenzie Delta to southern Hudson Bay and North East to Labrador. The types of animals that live in the tundra are called arctic animals. Animal life includes arctic foxes, polar bears, wolves, walrus, murrs, seals, and many variety of birds.
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