Describe the climate, animal and plant life of Canada's boreal forests.

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Boreal forests are forests that occur in northern latitudes, between 50 and 60 degrees latitude.   They are the largest of the world's biomes.

Boreal forests have growing seasons of about four months during a relatively cool and wet spring, summer and fall.  The other eight months of the year are winter.

The dominant flora of boreal forests are evergreen conifers.  Not much light penetrates the canopy so there is little underbrush.

The fauna of the taiga include such things as moose, bears, wolves, deer, hares, and chipmunks as well as various birds.

mkcapen1 | Student

Canada's Boreal forest covers about one-third of the boreal forest region in the Northern Hemisphere.  The Boreal forest is Canada's largest biome.  It begins in the Yukon Territory and stretches from the southeast to Newfoundland and Labrador. 

The boreal forest region is one of nine forest regions in Canada.  It consist of coniferous trees.  It provides the earth with large supplies of oxygen and filters the carbon dioxide from the air.  Trees are the main structural element that is visible upon first view.  Other types of trees in the forest include birch, poplar, willow, alder and mountain ash. 

The Boreal forest has a short growing season and cold temperatures.  Mammals in the forest include the caribou, rabbits, bears, moose, shrews, and fishers.

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