- Write a sentence that illustrates the objective case. Clearly label the object and objective pronoun using parentheses.
- Write a sentence that illustrates the predicate nominative. Clearly label the subject and nominative pronoun using parentheses.
- Write a sentence that illustrates a dependent clause or an independent clause. Clearly label and identify which type of clause it is.
1. A sentence in which there are nouns or pronouns in the objective case contains a transitive action verb. That is, a verb which generates an action toward a person or thing or both. Here is an example sentence that contains both an indirect object and a direct object:
Mr. Fountainbleu gave her (objective case pronoun used as the Indirect Object) the award (noun used as the Direct Object).
2. A predicate nominative follows a linking verb. That is, a verb that expresses no action; instead, it expresses a state of existence. A linking verb connects a noun or pronoun at or near the beginning of a sentence with a word at or near the end. In a sense these two words are equated, as in this sentence,
Her name is Ernestine. [name = Ernestine] Ernestine is her name.
A predicate nominative is a noun, pronoun, or adjective that follows a linking verb and tells something about the subject of the sentence.
Here is an example of a sentence with a predicate nominative that is a pronoun:
The winner is he. (The nominative case personal pronoun he is used.)
Note: While conversational English permits people to say "The winner is him," the nominative case is demanded in written Standard English.
3. An independent clause is composed of a subject and predicate and other words that express a complete thought and can stand by itself as a complete sentence.
Here is an example of 2 independent clauses in a compound sentence:
Alice skimmed the leaves from the pool, but she forgot to add chlorine.
4. A dependent, or subordinate, clause cannot stand on its own as a separate sentence; it can only be part of a sentence.
Here is an example of a dependent clause in a complex sentence:
Because he had so little money, the man had to pawn his watch.
- Objective case: A verb acts or "governs" something, which is the object of the verb.
Please write (a) [sentence].
- Predicative nominative: A noun following a verb that stands for the subject of the verb.
After finishing, (the students) were [excited].
- Dependent clause: Additional information that can't stand on its own as a sentence, because it doesn't express a complete thought.
Continue working (until noon).