Write a note on the features of Dryden's heroic tragedy and justify All For Love as a heroic tragedy?

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Karen P.L. Hardison | College Teacher | eNotes Employee

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Dryden had been writing heroic plays, which were significantly characterized by dialogue in heroic couplets and influenced by French dramas, French tragedies, and French romantic poets. Having fulfilled his ambitions in this genre, which he had reportedly begun to please the taste of King Charles II for French rhyming plays, Dryden turned his attention to developing the heroic tragedy.

The heroic tragedy is distinct from the heroic play in two chief points. The first is that the heroic tragedy abandons rhyming and embraces blank verse, a change influenced by Shakespeare, whom, in the "Preface" of All for Love, Dryden calls "the divine Shakespeare." The second is that heroic tragedy emphasizes deeper characterization, again influenced by Shakespeare, within a structure adhering to the unities of time, place, and action (to which Shakespeare did not adhere).

According to C.D. Merriman, after the appearance of the comedy Marriage A-la-Mode (1672), Dryden began writing blank verse in 1676, and All for Love was performed in 1678. Scholars agree that All for Love is Dryden's greatest play in blank verse heroic tragedy style, which was invented by Dryden. In it, he develops the characters of Cleopatra and Antony to show the affects of their love on each other during the last day of their lives. Dryden strove to evoke the Aristotelian dramatic emotions of fear and pity, but some critics say he only achieved pathos and sentiment.

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