Write the equation for each of these that undergo beta decay? Write the equation for each of these that undergo alpha decay?   The Beta. Fluorine-15 Lanthanum-134 Magnesium-25 Neon-19...

Write the equation for each of these that undergo beta decay?

Write the equation for each of these that undergo alpha decay?

 

The Beta.

Fluorine-15

Lanthanum-134

Magnesium-25

Neon-19

The Alpha

Americum-245

Berklium-248

Francium-224

Californium-250

Asked on by bonner601

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mwmovr40 | College Teacher | (Level 1) Associate Educator

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In nuclear alpha decay an unstable nucleus changes by emitting an alpha particle.  An alpha particle consists of two protons and two neutrons joined together, or one can also think of it as a helium +2 ion.  When this happens, the atomic number of the parent atom is reduced by 2 and the mass number is reduced by 4.

For example:

Americium-245 ---> Neptunium-241  +  Alpha

Neptunium has two less protons (2 less Atomic Number) and 4 less mass number than Americium-245

In nuclear beta decay one neutron in the parent nucleus becomes unstable and decays into a proton and an electron.  The proton stays in the nucleus and the electron is ejected.  Because the parent nucleus loses a neutron, but gains a proton its mass number remains the same.  However, because it has gained a proton, its atomic number goes up by one.

For example:

Fluorine-15  ----> Neon-15  + beta

Neon has one more proton than fluorine.

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