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Write an essay of at least two pages regarding the following points. Identify types of memory. Identify effective memory techniques. Develop self-awareness about the strengths and weaknesses of your style of study. Set goals to strengthen your study strategies. Does memorizing improve memory? How can I memorize faster?

Recognized types of memory vary among texts but often include long-term memory, short-term memory, sensory memory, and working memory. There are many effective memory techniques, and their effectiveness varies from person to person. Some you might consider are using acronyms, visualizing information, and repeating the new material over a period of time.

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There are various types of memory, including working memory, sensory memory, long-term memory, and short-term memory. Different texts might include variations on the types of recognized functions of memory, so be sure to consult your notes to determine which types your instructor might want you to include. It looks like this segment will require defining the differences among types of memory, so you might want to highlight key differences, such as the following.

  • Working memory is the part of short-term memory that is utilized to execute cognitive tasks by manipulating information. Consider the way you must hold various numbers in your head as you attempt to solve a math problem.
  • Sensory memory is the part of memory that registers sensory input, such as the immediate recognition of a familiar voice or the sounds of traffic and people while walking down a busy street. This information is held for a very brief period of time.
  • Short-term memory is the part of memory that holds a decent quantity of information for a fairly short period of time (though longer than the previous two types mentioned). A common example is remembering a person's phone number long enough to enter it into your phone.
  • Long-term memory is the part of memory that a person can recall for an extended period of time. Being able to recall the vacation you took with your family last summer is an example of a long-term memory.

There are many memory techniques that people employ to help them recall information. Here are some of the ones I have used most often with students:

  • Acronyms and Acrostics: If you're trying to remember a list of items, it's often helpful to come up with an acronym for those items. If you've had to recall the Great Lakes, you might have learned to use HOMES (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior). If you've had remember the notes of the treble clef, you might have learned that "Every Good Boy Does Fine" (EGBDF). Using letters and words to associate with information you will need to recall later is often helpful.
  • Visualizing: This technique involves imagining a representation of the information you will need to recall later. So instead of trying to remember isolated items I need at the grocery store, I might envision a loaf of bread sitting atop a bunch of bananas. They are floating in chocolate milk, which a turkey is drinking. Although the image is ridiculous, visualizing that image again at the store will help me recall the items I need to purchase.
  • Spaced repetition: Brain research indicates that without repetition, we begin to forget new information within a couple of days. By repeating this new information over time, we are more likely to recall it later. Consider keeping a stack of flash cards when you're learning a new language. If you go through new vocabulary every couple of days, you're much more likely to retain the information than if you look at the new words a few times on one day and then move on.
  • Chunking: Our brains naturally want to organize information into groups. Chunking information into smaller, related segments of information often helps with recall. This is why phone numbers and social security numbers are represented in a series of three to four numbers at a time. A phone number represented as 1234567891 or 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-1 is much more difficult for the brain to recall later than the traditional form, 123-456-7891. If you can chunk words, phrases, or numbers that are closely related, you can more easily recall that information later.

When examining your own strengths and weaknesses for your style of study, consider the way you typically prepare for a difficult test of new material. Do you memorize the information easily? If so, what proves helpful? Do you find it easier to memorize information for a particular subject? Why do you think that is true? Do you need a quiet space to focus on memorization? How do your typical grades reflect an ability to memorize things well? Do you remember the things you've studied for a test for a long time? Or do you find that you can memorize well for the purposes of a test, but that the information disappears quickly when the test is completed? These are all questions to guide your self-awareness reflections.

There are actually all kinds of things people use to try to improve their memories, from drinking coffee before studying (there is research that indicates that drinking caffeine after learning new information helps with later recall) to eating berries. Most researchers agree that exercise improves memory and that getting enough sleep also has a positive impact on memory. You might want to consider how your own exercise routine or sleep schedule might be improved to increase your memory.

I'm also linking an article below that explains why memorizing is a valuable skill to help you with that segment of your paper.

I hope you find this information helpful as you construct your paper on memory. Best wishes!

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