Write an essay in which you analyze selected encounters between Caliban and Prospero in Aime Cesaire's A Tempest, starting with their first encounter, in order to discuss the build up to the ending of the play. Explain how this ending deviates from Shakespeare's text and the significance of such deviation.

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While we cannot write an essay for you, we can outline the backdrop of history and colonialism behind this play and these characters. In doing so, we can present an analytical outline of what a good essay on this question might look like.

In his play, A Tempest, Aime Cesaire retells the story of Shakespeare's original by almost the same name (Shakespeare uses "The" not "A" in his title). Regardless, Cesaire intentionally changes the location of the island on which Prospero, the protagonist, has been stranded. This alters the entire context of the story and some of the characters, thereby turning a classic English play into a commentary on colonialism.

In Shakespeare's play, Prospero is served by a "sprite," a fairy-like character of unknown and magical origin. In Cesaire's version, the island is in the Caribbean, and the servants he has are not magical, but slaves. In essence, this changes the context in which Prospero is seen and understood. The play is a good example of a method used to critique the colonial mindset, as it implies that in a classic such as this there is a very different story to be revealed, simply by changing the perspective.

If you look at the first encounter between Caliban and Prospero, the tension between slave and master is immediately apparent. The first word Caliban speaks is "Uhuru," which is Swahili for "freedom." Prospero dismisses him because he doesn't understand the language he uses, nor does he apparently care about what Caliban might be trying to express.

This interaction is rife with sarcasm and tension between these two. At the end of the play the tension has shifted, but by no means has it been resolved. The audience is left seeing Prospero and Caliban as the only two remaining characters on the island, with Prospero seemingly unable to understand why Caliban does not want to have peaceful relations with him and instead is still fixated on his freedom.

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