The American Dream is the concept that any person living in or immigrating to the United States has the opportunity to be anything or do anything he wants to further his education, wealth and standard of living. The "land of opportunity" does not discriminate and provides more chances for people to earn a living and to become successful than their previous situations.
In Death of a Salesman, Willy Loman has not achieved the American Dream. At 60, he is still struggling financially and deluding himself with ideas that he is "vital" to his company and that his sons still have a chance to achieve greatnes. In contrast, his neighbor Charley, has succeeded by remaining firmly rooted in reality. His son, Bernard, once teased by Willy and Biff, has grown to be a lawyer who will be arguing in front the Supreme Court.
Willy can be compared to his brother as well. Ben has also achieved the American dream, and on a greater level. His business enterprises in Alaska and Africa have made him unbelievable wealthy. Willy is tormented by the idea that he missed his chance to join Ben. Seemingly this has affected his whole life in that Willy has never owned up to his own shortcomings, and as a result, has failed to succeed himself or to instill a work ethic in his sons.
'American dream' is a concept in American literature which believes that America is a city of dreams and you can achieve your dreams there by earning more income , buying real estates , brand new car etc . Also the americans are believed to have been very fond of success and success is counted in concrete and absolute terms . Feelings and emotions do not control the lives of those who dream 'American dream' instead the need to amase wealth and success is their topmost priority. In the play 'Death of a salesman ' by ARTHUR Miller Willy Loman dreams of becoming a rich salesman one day but his hopes are thwarted towards the end of the play and his disillussioned life could no longer bear failure and he commits suicide.