Write a short essay in which you explain the significance of these terms and how they relate to one another. Question: example 1 Industrial Revolution in Britain Sources of the Great Divergence The Communist Manifesto Cotton production, 1750–1830 Sadler Commission report
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The Great Divergence refers to the process which established dominant populations in western Europe and the New World, where population growth constraints in earlier parts of history were overcome in the nineteenth century. Populations in these regions of the world surpassed the wealthy civilizations of other parts of the world. There are many theories on the causes of the Great Divergence, including colonialism, culture, geography, and the Industrial Revolution. This period began in Britain, spanning between 1760 and 1840.
Much of the earliest industrial technology originated in Britain, and thus British wealth in the textile industry, including from cotton production, increased significantly. Britain became a dominant world power as its industrial wealth and technological production increased. As factories and mills proliferated, the working class began objecting to working conditions. Workplaces in the early Industrial Revolution had very tough working conditions and long hours. The work was often dangerous, particularly for children. The Sadler Commission report, written by Michael Sadler in 1832, aimed to limit the hours of work for children in textile mills and factories, as they were at a particular risk of early death.
The Communist Manifesto, by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, was a political pamphlet published in London. The two authors argued that the Bourgeois (capitalist middle class) exploited the proletariat (working class) for their labor; yet capitalism would not function without workers, and Marx and Engels argued that this gave the working class power to incite revolution. This document influenced the Revolutions of 1848, incited in European monarchies: first in Sicily and later in France, Germany, Italy, and the Austrian Empire. The revolutions were suppressed, which influenced the development of socialism and communism.
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