Your answer will vary depending upon your view of the federal government. The Federalists believed in a strong central government with little power given to the states. They believed in a strong military and a nation of industrialists. They also believed in having close ties to Britain, as that was the United States's main trading partner. The Federalists also favored a central bank. Many of the wealthy joined the ranks of the Federalists, as they liked the power of a central bank and thought that a strong federal government would be stable.
The Anti-Federalists thought that a strong central government would be aloof to the people's needs; therefore, they believed in having strong state governments. They thought that it was natural for the United States to have strong ties to republican France. They thought that a strong central bank would put economic interests in the hands of the elites, to the detriment of the middle and working classes. The Anti-Federalists thought that the United States should be a nation of farmers, as property-owners had the most to gain or lose from good governance and this would help to ensure that the United States remained true to its republican values. They also believed in state militias, as a strong federal military would be hard to fund with taxes and could be used as a weapon against the people by the federal government.
As for me, I would back the Anti-Federalist cause. I do not like the idea of a central bank, as it would put too much power in the hands of the elitist class. I also think that, at the time of the debate, the United States had more of a need for militias than it did a strong national military. At the time of the debate, I would have also favored the United States becoming a nation of farmers, as this would have encouraged westward expansion.