Truman Capote's novella, "Breakfast at Tiffany's," can be interpreted as loosely autobiographical, if one is familiar with his personal story and his relationship to a young Norma Jean Mortenson, later known as Marylin Monroe. It has been suggested that the characterwho Holly Golightly insists on calling "Fred" is, consequently, a representation of Capote himself, in his early years.
Whether one considers the character "Fred" a success or failure as an author is entirely a matter of perspective. If "success" is defined entirely in commercial terms -- in other word, how many volumes of his book are sold -- than he was clearly not a success. If "success" is defined in critical terms, than he could, indeed, be considered a successful author. Most authors endure a series of rejections from publishers before finally selling a book. That is not necessarily a rejection of writing ability so much as a concern on the part of publishers that there might be insufficient interest in the subject matter to warrant publication. "Fred" actually was published, thereby indicating his early promise as a writer.
Truman Capote's novella is considerably more cynical than the 1961 film adaptation. The fundamentals of the story, however, are reflected in the film.