I would like to learn more about the major groups that fought for African American civil rights
These are the groups id like to learn about:
(NAACP,SCLC,CORE,SNCC,Black Panthers,Nation of Islam.It would be great if you could tell me what period each of them were active in.
what were there ultimate goals and who were the leaders?
what methods did they use?
what if any legislation came as a result of their action?
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The Black Panthers were of the belief that African-Americans could not trust whites to provide them with either security or equality, so they planned to take both into their own hands. The Panthers, led generally by Bobby Seale, showed up at streetcorners, patrolled as police with shotguns and law books in their hands. In some neighborhoods of LA, the crime rate actually went down when the Panthers patrolled instead of the LAPD. In other parts of the country, violent confrontations with the FBI and police eventually ended up destroying the organization without making any serious civil rights gains.
SNCC, or Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee, grew out of the sit in movements on 1960. When a small group of servicemen in Greensboro, North Carolina broke segregation laws by sitting at a lunch counter in 1960, it inspired a group of students to do the same in Nashville, Tennessee. They wanted to remain separate from the other civil rights groups so that students would have a distinct voice. They concentrated almost solely on desegregation efforts and were quite successful.
The NAACP began in 1909. One of its founders was WEB Dubois, a writer and sociologist who was, incidentally, the first African American to get his PhD from Harvard! As their website states:
Echoing the focus of Du Bois' Niagara Movement began in 1905, the NAACP's stated goal was to secure for all people the rights guaranteed in the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution, which promised an end to slavery, the equal protection of the law, and universal adult male suffrage, respectively.
The next group to form was CORE, or the comittee of racial equality, in 1942. It was founded by a racially mixed group of students in Chicago, and its tenets were based on the nonviolent teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
The SCLC was formed in part as a response to the Montgomery bus boycott. The group formed in 1957 to take the Civil Rights movement in a new direction. In fact, this group can be seen as the "start" of the civil rights movement. It's founding board is as follows:
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as President, Dr. Ralph David Abernathy as Financial Secretary-Treasurer, Rev. C. K. Steele of Tallahassee, Florida as Vice President, Rev. T. J. Jemison of Baton Rouge, Louisiana as Secretary, and Attorney I. M. Augustine of New Orleans, Louisiana as General Counsel.
In 1966, feeling that nonviolent protest had failed, the Black Panthers formed to stand up for rights. They were founded by Huey Percey Newton and Bobby Seale and claimed to stand for all oppressed and all minorities. They advocated revolution through what they described as a ten point plan that called for freedom from oppression, full employment, making good on failed promises of the reconstruction, decent housing, education, free health care, an end to police brutality, end to wars of aggression, freedom for political prisoners, and basic needs met for all. Essentially, they stood up for all oppressed minorities.
For more information on these groups, check out the links below!
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