I would like to learn more about the major groups that fought for African American civil rights (NAACP,SCLC,CORE,SNCC,Black Panthers,Nation of Islam.It would be great if you could tell me what...

I would like to learn more about the major groups that fought for African American civil rights (NAACP,SCLC,CORE,SNCC,Black Panthers,Nation of Islam.

It would be great if you could tell me what period each of them were active in.
what were there ultimate goals and who were the leaders?
what methods did they use?
what if any legislation came as a result of their action?

Expert Answers
Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I think that the topic raised here could be and is the subject of many books.  To be able to fully answer the question might take up more space than allowed in this forum here.  I would say that one of the primary distinctions you might need to make in talking about the groups during the Civil Rights Movement could be broken down into what paradigm they advocated.  On one hand, some groups advocated a direct way of working within the White established in order to achieve legal and political equality.  These groups understood Civil Rights as an issue that had to be fought for and working with the individuals in the position of power was the best plan seen in order to achieve it.  On the other side of the equation, some groups advocated a form of resistance that directly sought contradiction with the powers of the establishment.  These individuals demanded change from a form of government or control that they saw was unwilling to grant it.  In the end, they argued that resistance against the system would force it to acquiesce to change, or they believed their attempts would scare the establishment into making sure that they listened to the more moderate forces that were willing to work within the system for change.  The groups and individuals of the Civil Rights Movement fell into one of these two distinctions.