I think that Dr. King would suggest that his frustration with the moderate Whites who pleaded for patience failed to understand the fundamental and basic wrong that segregation had become in the Southern part of the United States. When Dr. King speaks of "the fierce urgency of now," he brings out the fact that segregation is a condition that affects so many, and is one that necessitates direct and immediate action. For Dr. King, the moderate Whites that stated a more cautious and deliberate path be taken failed to understand how difficult and how morally wrong segregation was. In his letter, Dr. King details these realities to force moderate Whites into a challenging paradigm. Based on what Dr. King suggests about the evils of segregation, if moderate Whites suggest patience and slowness in reforms, they are actually apologists for such a system because “freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor.” Dr. King believes that moderate Whites are either apologizing for the system, condoning its immorality, or they are being manipulated by those who wish to deny change in its entirety. For Dr. King, moderate Whites seem to fall in either camp, contributing to his frustration with them.
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