Marginalized groups consist of people who are somehow denied full participation in mainstream activities. There are various types of marginalization based on factors like race, intellectual abilities, and sexual orientation.
In working with people who exist in a marginalized group, communication is key—as is the willingness to listen and to self-correct. It's important, for example, to ask people how they prefer to be identified. While some people who have intellectual challenges call themselves "disabled," others find that term offensive. All members of any singular group will not identify the same way, so simply asking about identifiers and terms which label people is important.
It's also important to help those in marginalized groups connect with others who share a similar experience. Helping these people find strong and successful individuals who look like them and share their journey helps them to feel empowered and connected to a larger purpose.
Because of their social position, some people in marginalized groups may be in need of physical protection. Helping individuals find a safe environments may help them become stronger and better able to avoid victimization.
The risk factors of an individual must also be assessed. It's important to consider whether an individual's environment makes her more likely to engage in crime or to become a victim of crime in a particular environment.
Of course, not everyone processes life experiences in the same way, so it's important to consider the unique ways marginalization affects an individual. There could be physical or mental impacts on the individual's health, and those needs should be clearly addressed. It's important to examine how one's experiences have impacted areas like an individual's self esteem, beliefs, perception of their environment, and behaviors. It's also helpful to get individuals connected to organizations which seek to serve the marginalized and help them obtain things like social and recreational services. You should also consider the previous coping mechanisms that marginalized individuals have employed, which could lead to overall destructive impacts; coping mechanisms such as alcohol use or anger should be discussed and hopefully replaced by more beneficial means of coping with experiences of marginalization.