Word for word, what are three references to Henry David Thoreau in John Krakauer's book Into the Wild?

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Thoreau was an important influence on Chris McCandless. Chris carried books by Thoreau with him into the wilderness and embraced Thoreau's idea that a simple life, lived close to nature, is the best and richest kind of life. However, as the quotes below suggest, Thoreau influenced Chris in other ways as well:

And in the chapter on “Higher Laws” in Thoreau’s Walden, a copy of which was also discovered in the bus, McCandless circled “Chastity is the flowering of man; and what are called Genius, Heroism, Holiness, and the like, are but various fruits which succeed it.”

The quote shows that Chris took Thoreau with him to Alaska and was influenced by his mentor's view that chastity (sexual abstinence) yields desirable outcomes.

His ambivalence toward sex echoes that of celebrated others who embraced wilderness with single-minded passion—Thoreau (who was a lifelong virgin) and the naturalist John Muir, most prominently—to say nothing of countless lesser-known pilgrims, seekers, misfits, and adventurers.

Once again, we see that Thoreau's ideas of placing the wilderness as a passion ahead of sex had an influence on the young adventurer.

Chris’s seemingly anomalous political positions were perhaps best summed up by Thoreau’s declaration in “Civil Disobedience”: “I heartily accept the motto—’That government is best which governs least.’"

Chris's reading went beyond Walden to Thoreau's libertarian essay. Thoreau influenced Chris politically in favor of small government, which would allow him the most freedom to pursue his wilderness treks—and Thoreau influenced him toward other acts of civil disobedience as well, such as leaving his car abandoned in a park.

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Into the Wild, Jon Krakauer’s 1996 book about Christopher McCandless’s journey into the Alaskan wilderness (a journey that ended in his death), contains numerous references to Henry David Thoreau. Some of these references are actually long epigraphs from Thoreau’s own writings.  In the 2007 Anchor Press paperback edition of the book, references to Thoreau appear on the following pages: 28, 29, 39, 47, 66, 117, 123, 133, 162, 167, 172, and 183.

I can’t quote at great length, but here a number of brief quotations:

McCandless could endeavor to explain that he answered to statutes of a higher order – that as a latter-day adherent of Henry David Thoreau, he took as gospel the essay “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience” and thus considered it his moral responsibility to flout the laws of the state. (p. 28)


Then, in gesture that would have done both Thoreau and Tolstoy proud, he arranged all his paper currency in a pile on the sand – a pathetic little stack of ones and fives and twenties – and put a match to it. (p. 29)


Shortly after the moose episode McCandless began to read Thoreau’s Walden. (p. 167)



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