There are several females throughout the novel that teach Scout valuable lessons and play an important role in Scout's moral and intellectual development.
Calpurnia, the family cook, teaches Scout many important lessons throughout the novel. Calpurnia gives Scout a lesson in respect and manners when Walter Cunningham comes over to eat. Calpurnia teaches Scout not to judge other people because of their differences. She keeps Scout company when Jem gets older and explains to her that he is becoming a man. When she takes the children to her African American church, Scout gains perspective and valuable insight. Scout experiences the African American community like never before and learns that Calpurnia is talented and unique. She also learns that people can have two different personalities by witnessing Calpurnia speak differently to her community members.
Miss Maudie also teaches Scout valuable lessons throughout the novel. She explains to Scout the true history of their reclusive neighbor Boo Radley. This is important to the plot of the story because Scout begins to view Boo with sympathy rather than fear. Maudie also gives Scout insight into topics such as race and religion. She describes the beliefs of the "foot-washing Baptists" and explains how their religion affects their social life. Maudie teaches Scout about her father's importance in the community, as well as his past accomplishments. Scout gains insight into community members from Maudie's lessons and views her as an important female role model.
Aunt Alexandra is another female who teaches Scout lessons throughout the novel. Aunt Alexandra is the quintessential Southern lady who values social events and family history. Alexandra teaches Scout the importance of acting lady-like, and often chastises her for dressing like a "tomboy." At first, Scout is reluctant to "join the world of females," but after taking part in Alexandra's missionary circle, she finds something interesting about the lives of Southern ladies. Aunt Alexandra is a positive female role-model for Scout because she models appropriate behavior and exposes Scout to social events.