Within "On Being Brought from Africa to America," what literary terms does Wheatley use (similies, metaphors, hyperboles, etc)?

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lsumner eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Wheatley uses a simile in line seven when she refers to the Negros being black as Cain...Cain was marked by God which some believe was a mark of blackness...He was fleeing for his life after he killed Able; therefore, God marked him so no one would know who he was...

'Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land,
Taught my benighted soul to understand
That there's a God, that there's a Saviour too:
Once I redemption neither sought nor knew.
Some view our sable race with scornful eye,
"Their colour is a diabolic die."
Remember, ChristiansNegros, black as Cain,
May be refin'd, and join th' angelic train.

In line two, she uses a metaphor in that her soul is darkened or "benighted. She is expressing a comparison to he soul being black or unenlightened.

In line six, she is using hyperbole in that her race "is a diabolic die." Diabolic refers to Satan or the Devil...this exaggeration would be that her race has been colored by the Devil...

In line seven, she uses a metaphor in describing the train as angelic...this would be a reference to a heavenly train that takes a person to eternal bliss...