One way in which Seth evokes sympathy for Lata is showing her as being suffocated in the world she lives. In lines 14 and 15, it becomes clear that Lata would rather go in the hot garden and read in order to find some space. This creates a sympathetic portrait in how it shows that she would endure heat and discomfort in the hopes of finding some space. In lines 20 and 21, Lata merely asks for space and a sense of distance from everyone, including her mother. She indicates this with her statement of "Please, let me be."
The exchange with her mother indicates that there is an external notion of conduct that Lata feels she has to uphold. This is one aspect of consciousness of which she is growing tired, as evidenced in her rebutting her mother. The ideas of "I don't want to talk. You want to talk" and "I have been ignoring you" reflect Lata's desire for space and to reject the external standard of conduct that has been imposed upon her. Seth allows the reader to feel sympathy as Lata wishes to escape the world of what is into a world of what can or should be. At the same time, the last line of the excerpt is one in which sympathy for Lata is illuminated. The statement of "I hope the book and- everything in it- and I too- get washed away" is a statement of self destruction. In order to find space, Lata is willing to embrace a condition of self- annihilation. This is another way in which Seth evokes sympathy for Lata.