Regarding Conrad Kottak's anthropological definitions, compare and contrast allocations of funds for socioeconomic ends--subsistence, replacement, social, ceremonial and rent--as they occur in present day in life to their allocation as seen in a cross-cultural ethnographic study of another historical time period or place.
In terms of socioeconomic ends, with Conrad Kottak’s definition of anthropology as the "holistic, systematic, and comparative study of humanity" in mind, subsistence has changed radically from what it was in the 1800s. While subsistence in America today necessitates vehicular transportation, in the 1800s walking was more common in urban areas than any other means of transportation. This means that while transportation costs were then not counted as subsistence needs, to day transportation costs (car, bus, subway, etc) are part of subsistence needs:
- transportation (car, bus, subway, etc)
- state registration and inspection