How does Shakespeare show the elements of winter in this poem in his poem "Winter"?

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lynnebh eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Do you mean the poem that is actually entitled "Winter" - because Shakespeare wrote many poems about winter that have the word "winter" in the title.

WINTER - by William Shakespeare

When icicles hang by the wall,
    And Dick the shepherd blows his nail,
And Tom bears logs into the hall,
    And milk comes frozen home in pail,
When blood is nipp’d and ways be foul,
Then nightly sings the staring owl,
                Tu-whit;
Tu-who, a merry note,
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.

When all aloud the wind doth blow,
    And coughing drowns the parson’s saw,
And birds sit brooding in the snow,
    And Marion’s nose looks red and raw,
When roasted crabs his in the bowl,
Then nightly sings the staring owl,
                Tu-whit;
Tu-who, a merry note,
While greasy Joan doth keel the pot.

  1. iciles hang by the wall - self explanatory
  2. Tom bears logs into the hall - for a fire, no doubt
  3. Milk comes frozen home in pail - self explanatory
  4. All aloud the wind doth blow - self explanatory
  5. Coughing - everyone is sick in winter
  6. Birds brooding in the snow - self explanatory
  7. Marion's nose looks red and raw - self explanatory

What does "eplining" mean - is this a typo? I was not sure. See the link below on Shakespeare here at eNotes.