Why would Dante choose to describe Hell as a City in Inferno?

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Dante chose to represent Hell as a City so that he made it a recognizable entity for his contemporary readers. Although part of his other-wordly journey, Hell is represented as a city of Dante's times. This highlights Dante's idea that human cities have lost the divine light and its guidance. Hell is the Devil's Kingdom and, because it is represented as city, by extention, Dante's contemporary world is characterized by the same moral and social decay. In the Inferno, Dante's main political target is the corruption of city life (particularly Florentine city life to which Dante devotes the cantos VI and XV-XVI).

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