According to some historians, Charlemagne had as many as twenty children during his lifetime. Although he appeared to be a liberally progressive father (at least for Carolingian tastes), Charlemagne never allowed his daughters to marry. He feared that competing heirs to his throne would distort his intended legacy and rule.
Meanwhile, Charlemagne's daughters had access to important scholars and were exposed to the court culture in their father's kingdom. Bertha, Rotrud, and Gisela were rumored to have engaged in learned discourse with the scholar Alcuin.
It was said that Charlemagne adored his daughters; their beauty, vivacity, and intelligence captured the imaginations of his male...
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