The Middle Colonies

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Why were the Middle Colonies successful?

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There are several reasons that the middle colonies were successful. The Middle Colonies consisted of New York, Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Overall, this region was essentially the best of both worlds in terms of geography, agriculture, religion and government.

Geographically, the middle colonies consisted of a mixture of the mountains of the north and the rolling hills of the south. It possessed extremely fertile soil and vast acreage of flat land for farming. This allowed for substantial agricultural growth in the middle colonies. Corn, wheat and livestock were easily raised and became the primary export for the growing economy. This, along with a more suitable climate compared to the New England and Southern colonies, made the middle colonies very profitable.

Another reason is how the middle colonies treated religion. Unlike the Puritan dominance of New England and the Protestant south, the middle colonies were a melting pot of religions. Quakers, Catholics and Jews all worked and lived together. This obviously allowed for a much smoother transition into the New World and a better life.

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Why was agriculture more successful in the Middle Colonies?

The Middle Colonies, which included Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware, were the most prosperous colonies in terms of growing crops. Wheat, barley, oats, rye, and corn were grown throughout the Middle Colonies, and the land provided enough crops to not only feed the colonists but also to export the crops to Europe. Because of their success with growing these crops, the Middle Colonies became known as the "breadbasket" colonies. The fertile soil and good growing climate were the main reasons that the Middle Colonies were more successful at growing crops than the New England and Southern Colonies. The land was also easier to expand than in the other colonies.

In the New England Colonies, the soil was rocky and the growing season was short. Farmers were only able to produce enough food to survive. In the Southern Colonies, large plantations dominated the land, but there were also smaller farms. Southern Colonies grew mostly cash crops, such as tobacco, rice, and indigo, which were primarily exported.

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