Why was a description of 'The Battle of Kadesh' chosen to adorn The United Nations?
The battle of Kadesh was a conflict between Egyptian Pharoah Rameses II and the Hittite king Muwatallis. The battle itself is significant because it is one of Rameses' few defeats. He and his troops fell into a well-laid trap by the Hittites, who sent spies dressed as Bedouins to convince the Egyptians that the Hittites were more than a hundred miles away, when in reality they where hiding beyond the river. Rameses and his army were forced to retreat or be slaughtered.
The Egyptians and the Hittites fought again and again, but neither could defeat the other decisively enough to claim complete victory. In order to end the fighting, the two sides decided to call a truce. The document on which they recorded the terms of the truce is considered to be the first peace treaty known to exist.
Rameses, who was overly fond of giving himself credit, had a monument built to memorialize the peace treaty, and to make himself appear to be the victor of the battles. It is that peace treaty, and not the battle, that the United Nations chose to commerate with their own monument.
The Battle of Kadesh was one of the largest battles of the Bronze Age, was fought between Egypt and the Hitittes for control of Syria.
The famous battle is documented both in Egyptian and Hititte monuments and documents.
However, it is the subsequent peace treaty between Ramses II and Hattusili III that is on the wall of the United Nations, as this is the earliest known peace treaty between 'superpower' nation states known to history.