Life in the Roaring Twenties

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Why was 1919 such a watershed year for the United States and the world?

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1919 was an important year for the United States and the world because of the apocryphal changes that the world experienced in the aftermath of what later became known as World War I. Globally, the result of the war was the end of Europe’s great empires: specifically, the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires. The British Empire would survive through the end of World War II, but its end was in sight as the anti-colonial forces set loose by the weakening of these empires and, as importantly, by the rise of Bolshevism following Russia’s revolution, further undermined the old system.

The anti-colonial forces that emerged in the aftermath of World War I reached across the entire world. Imperialism was not dead, however. The war’s victors sought to retain colonial holdings while reaching understandings on the boundaries that define international relations. The map of the modern Middle East was redrawn by British and French diplomats seeking to exploit the dissolution of the Ottoman...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 1120 words.)

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