Animal Farm Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

Animal Farm book cover
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Why was the story Animal Farm written?

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Animal Farm is a scathing critique of the Russian Revolution and Soviet Communism, but at its heart, like many of Orwell's works, it is a critique of dictatorship. The story itself shows the gullible nature of people and the ease with which movements and governments are subverted and destroyed. Orwell, who was a socialist, wrote the story as a cautionary tale for anyone who held up Soviet Russia, the Russian Revolution, or Communism as examples to follow.

In a letter to his friend Dwight Macdonald, written in 1946, Orwell explains that:

What I was trying to say was, "You can't have a revolution...

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shan64 | Student

Animal farm is an analogy of the Soviet Union Communism and its transformation from the communist notions of equality into a totalitarian rule by a sole dictator. The story is also emblematic of the challenges of self- governance. George Orwell's first-hand experience of class struggles and inequalities in England informed his writing of Animal Farm. The structure of Animal Farm parallels the Russian revolution. Orwell utilises satire to explain his major themes. He cleverly uses animals, their names and actions, as a heightened version of reality. The story presents issues such as corruption, exploitation, and gullibility. These themes were common in the Russian revolution. The labouring class was exploited by the ruling class to provide for their aristocratic and selfish need.