Why was the prisoner in charge of Elie's block removed from this position in Chapter 3 of Night?

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The Nazis would often delegate minor tasks to inmates in the day-to-day running of the concentration camps. These kapos, as they were called, were often brutal, sadistic individuals who treated their fellow prisoners with the same degree of savagery as their SS masters. There are numerous examples of this in the story, and in chapter 3 we witness the kapos beating the new arrivals and stealing their shoes.

That's why it comes as something of a surprise to find a kapo that actually behaves like a decent human being. A Polish prisoner has been placed in charge of Elie's cell block. He behaves with kindness and consideration to Elie and the new arrivals, trying to keep up their spirits instead of telling them that they're all headed off to the gas chambers as some of the veteran prisoners do. But kapos are not there to be helpful or kind to the prisoners; their job is to brutalize and degrade, to emulate the serial wickedness of their Nazi overlords. And so the Polish prisoner in charge of Elie's cell block is removed for being too humane.

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The prisoner in charge of Elie's block at Auschwitz was removed from his position because he was considered "too humane".  He was replaced by a new head who "was savage, and his assistants were real monsters".

The prisoner originally in charge of Elie's block upon his arrival was "a young Pole, who smiled at (them)".  He spoke kindly to the newcomers, calling them "comrades" and urged them not to lose courage.  He acknowledged that "there's a long road of suffering ahead", but encouraged them by pointing out that they had already escaped "the gravest danger - selection".  He told them that they would "all see the day of liberation" and exhorted them to "have faith".  His one word of advice to them was to "let there be comradeship among (themselves)"; they should help one another, it was the only way to survive.

The young Pole's words were the first "human words" Elie had heard since being deported and imprisoned.  Under his leadership, the prisoners were treated "without brutality".  They received new clothes, and were given black coffee and meager but fair rations of thick soup and bread and margarine.  After the horror of Birkenau, "the only worry was to avoid moves" in this comparatively peaceful environment, which lasted a little over two weeks.  At the beginning of the third week, however, "the prisoner in charge of (the) block was deprived of his office, being considered too humane", and "the good days were over" (Chapter 3).

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