Why was the poem "The Road Not Taken," by Robert Frost, named so?

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One can never know the true meaning behind a title unless an author openly states the reasoning behind it. Outside of that, readers can only assume the reasoning behind a title based upon Reader-Response Theory or assumptions made regarding the meaning of the poem. 

As for Robert Frost's "The Road Not Taken," the title of the poem mirrors the message of the text. The speaker comes to a fork in the road and must choose a path to take. Although the speaker wishes to take both, this is an impossibility. The speaker can only physically travel one path, leaving the other "not taken." 

The poem acts as a didactic (a poem which intends to teach) and a narrative (poem which tells a story). Combined, the poem teaches readers about life by using a story. The title, therefore, acts as a cue to the reader. It (the title) can force a reader to consider what he or she may do when a fork in the road is come upon. 

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