Why was Karl Marx important to the Industrial Revolution?
Karl Marx is important because of his ideas about the exploitation of the working class, and his plans for a workers revolution which would end in a dictatorship of the Proletariat. He had witnessed the exploitation of workers during the Industrial Revolution and his writings indicated as much. Since the Industrial Revolution began in England, Marx had anticipated that the worker's revolution and was somewhat disappointed that the plight of workers in that country improved without violent revolution.
Marx's ideas were in large part a product of and reaction to the abuses of the Industrial Revolution. It is safe to say that if it were not for the revolution, Marx would have had no impact on history.
Karl Marx was not important to the Industrial Revolution in the same way that a person like James Watt was. In other words, Marx did not help to begin the Industrial Revolution or to keep it going. Instead, Marx is important because he originated a major criticism of the Industrial Revolution. He was the man who created the ideas that we now refer to as Marxism, socialism, and communism.
Marx believed that the Industrial Revolution was unfair to the workers. It took away their independence and their pride in their work. At the same time, it took wealth that they created with their work and gave it to other people (the owners of the factories). To Marx, this was an unjust system.
In this way, Marx became a major critic of the Industrial Revolution.