Why was Kaiser Wilhelm II so determined to build up Germany's army and navy?

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Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859–1941) was determined to build up Germany’s navy because a large and powerful navy was essential to expansion. In the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century, Germany’s government espoused expansionist aims and pursued expansionist policies. In sum, these policies were known as Weltpolitik , meaning "world politics." As the name hints, the general idea was to make Germany a world power by expanding outward and building an empire. Geopolitics dictated that this had to be an overseas empire, so a masterful navy was essential to traversing the seas and securing control of other regions via the seas. One of the key figures in expanding the German navy was Admiral...

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