There are a number of reasons generally given for the Italian weakness in World War II.
- Economic and industrial weakness. Italy was not a major power in economic and industrial terms before or during the war. In a war where success was so dependent on technological advances and industrial capacity, Italy was lacking.
- Quality of weapons. This is closely related to the first weakness. Italy simply did not have a weapons industry capable of creating first-class equipment for its troops.
- Weak morale. The war was not as popular in Italy was it was in Germany or Japan. Italians were therefore not nearly as motivated to fight. Because Italy lacked a truly strong set of war aims that was supported by the people, morale in the Italian army was low. This was exacerbated by the inferiority of their equipment.