Coffee is well-known for its effects on sharpening the mind. In Europe, the switch from alcohol to coffee was very important because drinking coffee became associated with intellect. Instead of intellects meeting at the local tavern, more and more intellectual individuals began to meet at the local coffeehouse to drink coffee and discuss ideas and developments for Europe. Many of these coffeehouse meetings led to the development of groups devoted to science as well as groups who opened financial institutions. As a result, the switch from alcohol to coffee can be partially credited for the development of revolutionary thoughts, the sharing of knowledge and thought through newspapers, and the development of a scientific society.