Why was Gulliver given the name "Quinbus Flestrin"?

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Gulliver sees the words "quinbus flestrin" on the inventory of his pockets which the Lilliputians took early in his stay in Lilliput. He says that he interprets the words to mean "great man-mountain," as a result of his huge size in comparison to the natives of this land. Later, he reads the words again in the articles of impeachment against him. Compared to the Lilliputians, Gulliver is the bigger person, so to speak, both literally and figuratively. He is, physically, many many times their size, but he is also more generous and compassionate than they are. When the emperor wants Gulliver to completely destroy the fleet of Blefuscu, a move which would allow the emperor to bring "'a free and brave people into slavery,'" Gulliver refuses him this request, inviting the emperor's ire and wrath. It shows, however, that—though Gulliver is certainly a smaller person (literally and figuratively) than many of the Brobdingnagians he meets on his next voyage—he is greater in most ways than the Lilliputians.

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During his stay in Lilliput, Gulliver is given the name "Quinbus Flestrin" by the tiny Lilliputians. According to Swift, this name means something along the lines of  "the Man-Mountain" or "the Great Man Mountain," and so it's easy to assume that the Lilliputians give Gulliver this name because he is so much larger than they are. Indeed, it's suggested that the Lilliputians are only a few inches high compared to Gulliver, and so his name illustrates his astronomical size in comparison with his minuscule hosts. Moreover, it illustrates a major theme in Gulliver's Travels: perspective. While Gulliver might seem average-sized to other humans, the vastly different perspective of the Lilliputians turns him into a "Man-Mountain" of immense size. In short, Gulliver's nickname shows how a change in perspective can drastically change the meaning of a situation, experience, or individual. 

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