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Why was the fourteenth century described as an age of adversity?

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The fourteenth century was known as the age of adversity for several reasons. One factor was the continued growth of the population, which reached about 100 million people in Europe by the end of the fourteenth century. When farm prices dropped due to crop surpluses, many people moved to the cities and towns, increasing the chance that disease could rapidly spread. The Black Plague spread rapidly throughout Europe in 1348 and 1349, killing many people.

Another factor was that the climate had changed. During the Great Famine of 1315–1317, Europe became much wetter and colder. This impacted the growing of crops, leading to food shortages and famine.

There were many wars fought during this time. The Hundred Years' War led to much death and destruction, as England and France fought each other. The Ottoman Turks arrived and cut trade with the East, leading to rising prices. They took over land throughout Europe and eventually took over Constantinople in 1453.

Even the Catholic Church was...

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