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Why was federalism chosen by the Framers of the Constitution?

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The discourse surrounding the American Revolution and the early years of the Republic was greatly concerned with the question of how a functioning government ought to be set up without it collapsing into tyranny. Remember, one of the critical claims in the Declaration of Independence was that the British government itself had become a tyrannical actor, as far as the colonies were concerned. Thus, the great problem that faced the framers of the Constitution was how to create a government that could function effectively without becoming a threat to the people.

Keep in mind, the US Constitution was actually not the first attempt at creating a working structure of government for the United States. It was preceded by the Articles of Confederation, which placed political supremacy with the individual states. However, this form of government ultimately proved insufficient to tackle the problems facing the former colonies after achieving independence from Britain, and the framers of the...

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