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Why was the Civil War considered the second American Revolution?

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Viewing the American Civil War as the Second American Revolution began during the Progressive Era in the early 20th Century. At this time, American history was being looked at in a new light, often through an economic lense. Many historians of the Progressive Era, looking at the corruption that defined their times, often viewed history as clashes between economic interests. According to them, political, social, and philosophical ideologies were merely masks for historical figures to achieve their economic goals.

Two prominent historians at the time were Charles and Mary Beard (they were husband and wife). In the Beards' influential book, The Rise of American Civilization, they depicted the Civil War as a struggle between a northern industrial class and southern planters for control in the federal government. In doing so, the Beards' nearly wrote the issue of slavery out of the whole history. One chapter in this book concerning the Civil War is titled The Second American Revolution . In the...

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