Andrew Johnson's Presidency

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Andrew Johnson and Congress were having a power struggle over the different Reconstruction Acts and differing viewpoints of the south post-Civil War.  Johnson being from the south, was in favor of going easy on them and not punishing them for starting the Civil War.  The Congress predominantly made up of...

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Andrew Johnson and Congress were having a power struggle over the different Reconstruction Acts and differing viewpoints of the south post-Civil War.  Johnson being from the south, was in favor of going easy on them and not punishing them for starting the Civil War.  The Congress predominantly made up of Radical Republicans wanted to punish the south and make it a long and difficult process for them to be reinstated into the United States.  Congress feared that Johnson would gain too much power as president so they created the Office of Tenure Act, which stated that the president had to get Senate approval if he/she wanted to fire a Cabinet member.  Johnson ignored this Act and fired someone in his cabinet without Senate approval, so ultimately ignored the law.  Congress impeached him of breaking the law, and by one vote he was not convicted and remained president.

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