As a military leader, Alexander the Great (356 B.C.-323 B.C.) was undefeated in battle, conquering the Persians and stretching his empire from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River. He became a hero akin to the ancient Greeks such as Achilles and Odysseus. He is the general from which all other commanders are measured, and his tactics are still taught in military academies around the world. But his true legacy became evident in the cultural diversity that he brought to the conquered lands.
Alexander's spread of what became known as Hellenization (the Greek language and culture into the Persian Empire) existed for centuries, instilling Athenian-influenced education, art, government and town planning throughout his new lands. Alexander also greatly influenced the Roman Empire and was revered by Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great. His legacy even stretched to India, where Greek culture meshed and flourished with local traditions, even serving as an inspiration for Buddhism. Other testaments of Alexander's cultural legacy can be seen in the many temples erected in such places as Delphi, Delos and Ilium; the building of roads, ports and shipyards in North Africa; and the building of cities where he could
"transplant of populations from Asia to Europe and in the opposite direction from Europe to Asia, in order to bring the largest continent to common unity and to friendship by means of intermarriage and family ties."