Importance Of Studying Literature

Why is the study of literature important? What skills do students learn through reading literature?

Why is the study of literature important? What skills do students learn through reading literature? What is gained from reading literature and evaluating it?

Quick Answer

When we study literature, our horizons are broadened, because we can learn about and come to understand people who are different from us. Conversely, we might discover characters or poems that we really identify with—it can be really exciting and validating to discover that your exact thoughts and feelings have also been experienced by someone else. Because of these effects, literature encourages us to be sensitive to the whole spectrum of human experience and to consider this when making decisions in our day-to-day lives. Academically, studying literature also helps us to refine our own writing skills and expand our vocabularies.


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janetlong eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Literature is also a form of time travel that helps put today in context. All those apocalyptic lamentations about how "things used to be so much better" are controverted in literature of the last generation, the last century, all the way back to Shakespeare and beyond. Conversely, reading about how people lived in the past can really make you appreciate what humanity is able to accomplish and endure. In the classics, you may read about political battles, domestic abuse, prejudice and civil rights, unwanted pregnancy, binge drinking on college campuses, gangs and juvenile crime, homelessness, nationwide economic crises caused by speculation--as Solomon wrote thousands of years ago, there is nothing new under the sun. History tells us what people did; literature tells us what they were thinking.

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ebaser eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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starTop subjects are Literature and Law and Politics

Literature is important because it teaches the universal human experience.  Literature provides different meanings to different people or teach different lessons to the same person at different stages of their life. However, what they all books or poems have in common - and this is the talent of a great writer - is that they capture the universal human experience.  Regardless of what you learn from a book or what meaning an individual elicits from it, literature unites the reader with the universe, because there on the page is a moment, emotion, idea that they have felt or suspected, but never been able to express. . 

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William Delaney eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The study of literature has a civilizing effect on people. There is an extreme danger of education being used primarily to turn out engineers, lawyers, doctors, accountants, business men and business women and other professionals who are lacking in human feelings and who have been described as educated barbarians. The great Leo Tolstoy wrote a sadly neglected book titled What is Art in which he explained, among other things, the importance of all art to human society. Here is a critical excerpt which might induce some readers to look for the book itself.  (See reference link below.)

As, thanks to man's capacity to express thoughts by words, every man may know all that has been done for him in the realms of thought by all humanity before his day, and can in the present, thanks to this capacity to understand the thoughts of others, become a sharer in their activity and can himself hand on to his contemporaries and descendants the thoughts he has assimilated from others, as well as those which have arisen within himself; so, thanks to man's capacity to be infected with the feelings of others by means of art, all that is being lived through by his contemporaries is accessible to him, as well as the feelings experienced by men thousands of years ago, and he has also the possibility of transmitting his own feelings to others.

If people lacked this capacity to receive the thoughts conceived by the men who preceded them and to pass on to others their own thoughts, men would be like wild beasts, or like Kaspar Hauser.

And if men lacked this other capacity of being infected by art, people might be almost more savage still, and, above all, more separated from, and more hostile to, one another.

And therefore the activity of art is a most important one, as important as the activity of speech itself and as generally diffused.  

A lot of what is offered as art in our modern world is what Tolstoy called "counterfeit art." It is totally insincere and produced mainly for money. Some of the characteristics of counterfeit art are imitation, and striking and unusual effects. In popular music it can be seen that amplified noise and screaming are substitutes for genuine feeling. Much modern painting looks like nothing more than blatant hoaxes.

Exposure to genuine art in school could conceivably help students to discriminate between real and counterfeit art, includinig real and counterfeit creative literature. If young people do not get such exposure in school--where are they going to get it when they leave school?

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ssengupta eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I agree with all of the above discussions; but I am especially gratified to read what spearfam has written: that literature enhances our capacity to empathize.

People talk about the intellectual values of literature: critical thinking, citing evidence and so on. But, I value literature most of all for its emotional and esthetic appeal. 

Empathy is emotional; sympathy, intellectual. Literature evokes  such human emotions as pity and terror (Aristotle), love and compassion (A.C.Bradley) and many other epistemic virtues  (i.e., virtues that help us to know the world and make it better) like honor, bravery, honesty and integrity (Ramirez). But recently, Susan Zunshine has a written a book demonstrating how the human emotion of empathy is critical in our understanding and appreciation of the novel.

Think of any great novel: Pride and Prejudice, David Copperfield, Jude the Obscure, Lady Chatterley's Lover, Passage to India, Lincoln, The Namesake --in all of these excellent novels, we need empathy to fully appreciate them.

But where do we get empathy from? Consider the odds against empathy. Even in real life we empathize with others without actually experiencing what they exprience, a hard thing to do. How much more difficult would it be for readers to empathize with a character who is not actually going through anything!It is all fiction!

Yet we do.  Prof. Zunshine says we do this because as we read our intellectual act of reading, i.e., making meaning from the text, triggers our neuro-cells "in some form of mirror effect," same as we would do in real life. However, because the novelist employs one more thing that is usually not present in real life events -- esthetics --the emotional impactof novel events (pun intended) enhance our empathy. Thus, because of our empathy we are able to not only realize the characters' emotions, we even anticipate them, Examples of what I am saying are legion, I need not give any more here.

Zunshine's book, and spearfam's reference to literature teaching us empathy, triggered this response from me.

I am grateful for your indulgance.

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cdives eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Students gain a percpetion of ife, an insight into the meaning of so many things

It is this perception and insight that makes literature worthwhile. If an individual can go beyond his or her actual experiences into literary experiences to draw upon when navigating the world, she or he will have better abilities at navigating the world.

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cdives eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I discuss this with my students, and I put it simply:

If you can understand why characters act the way they do, you can understand why people act the way they do. If you can analyze a character and situation, you can analyze any situation in life. If you can analyze a situation, you can make a better decision. Therefore studying literature is a study of life.

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ask996 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Everyone makes great points. A concise summary of reasoning would be:

  • Studying literature is the only way some students will ever learn about other cultures and places. This expands their horizons.
  • It shows them how characters think, react, and problem solve.
  • The process students go through as they think and analyze literature builds their ability to be critical thinkers and problem solvers.
  • Sometime studying literature exposes them to words and ideas that reach into their souls and change them forever.
  • Thus, studying literature makes the world a better place.

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Angie Waters eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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This is a question that high school students consistently ask as they sit through another lesson on Shakespeare or Animal Farm and so on.

Literature is the amazing tool that all the previous posts have alluded to and it  gives insight into the culture of others and of other times.

How though do we convince our high school learners of this? Only upon analysis and by making comparisons do they show an interest, it seems to me. By then, however, it is too late for some student sbecause they never paid attention in the first place. Teaching technique is obviously crucial - and that's another whole discussion on its own I think. I saw a discussion post from February 2010  

time periods may change, but people and society basically stay the same. The same themes that were present in the past, are still true today, and will remain in the future.

The teacher pointed out how amazed her students were when she related The Scarlett Letter to an article from 2006 when a young woman putting her baby up for adoption

had to disclose in the newspaper her past sexual history, including every partner she had, with a full physical description of her partners, etc

Her students could then better relate to it and were more inclined to attempt to understand it.  

 

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Lorraine Caplan eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The study of literature enhances our ability to communicate with others by acquainting us with the worlds other people live in, their history, geography, and culture, for example.  Once we have a common reference, we can talk to anyone with greater ease.  For example, when I read The Kite Runner and actually met someone from Afghanistan, I was thrilled to be able to talk to someone, having some understanding of what his native country was like.  One term, I taught The Secret Life of Bees, and what was wonderful to me was that when I told my students I was the exact age as Lily and had lived through all the same times, it seemed to me that they were better able to communicate with me after reading the book because they had gained some insight into my world.  Literature allows us to talk to one another more empathetically and knowledgeably. 

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Michael Ugulini eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The study of literature is important because it, at its most basic, improves reading skills. From this involved reading of quality literature a student then develops their writing skills, as the two go hand in hand (the best writers are avid readers, typically).  Beyond these basic benefits is the development of critical thinking and analysis skills through the study of literature.

The study of literature also helps students see the world - people, places, things, events - through different eyes and by way of a different viewpoint. This contributes to a student forming and developing their own belief set, opinions, views, and such.

Good stories, whether novels, short stories, plays, or poems, help students experience, in their mind, new vistas, customs, cultures, and ways of life. This helps students see how life is different (and the same in some ways) in other countries. Reading international literature gives students a glimpse of how people live and view life in other lands.

From a purely academic standpoint, reading literature of high quality helps a student discern good writing from bad writing. This helps them in their own writing.

 

 

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bullgatortail eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Aside from the obvious rudimentary skills it hopefully develops--improvement in reading, composition and vocabulary--the study of literature opens the imagination to previously undiscovered aspects of the outside world. Continued study will reveal other specifics of the individual authors such as symbolism and thematic intent, leading to a wider scope of the reader's own comprehension and knowledge. 

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Karen P.L. Hardison eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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If students are taught to analyze literature carefully, using all the tools available for analysis (which presupposes the exclusion of Reader's Response, which may or may not employ analysis methods) then students learn to think logically and critically and they learn to argue from cause to effect as well as from effect to cause.

This sort of detailed analysis requires the mastery of such analytical tools as rhetorical techniques, even obscure ones like litotes and chiasmus. It also requires an understanding of the fact that language carries delimiting properties that exclude a range of interpretations. It also requires a mastery fo higher order syntactical forms: if a student cannot understand a third conditional, the student cannot understand the overt meaning, much less the subtle meaning, of what the author has written.

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), the world's greatest dictionary, defines chiasmus as, "A grammatical figure by which the order of words in one of two of parallel clauses is inverted in the other."

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Kristen Lentz eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences

Literature offers students the opportunity to discover, think, evaluate, and analyze the world around them in broader, more universal terms.  Studying literature naturally lends itself to involving those higher level thinking skills that we as teachers so desperately want for our students.  Whether its a novel-length text, play, or short story, a good piece of literature can be implemented in the classroom to train our students to be higher level thinkers. 

Not only do they build their vocabulary and reading comprehension skills, students can build their metacognitive skills while annotating literature, and then use those annotations to assist them in comparing or contrasting, or evaluating and analyzing the text in terms of theme, conflict, figurative language, tone or mood. 

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e-martin eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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As in the study of algebra and calculus, the study of literature builds thinking skills that are native to the subject but applicable outside the subject as well. 

Skills of argumentation (logical thinking, citing evidence, etc.), intepretation, critical thinking, and writing are all a part of the study of literature.

Literature - seen as a body of works - offers a unique education in itself, representing a wealth of ideas, perpectives, world views, emotional insights and more, all of which enrich the reader's "ideational vocabulary", expanding the range of thoughts and ideas available to the reader. 

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litteacher8 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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One of the most important skills children learn through literature is how to react to different situations.  Reading allows children to experience situations vicariously, and think about what they would do in the character's place. 

Even in the case of fantasy, this can be valuable.  Our children may not fight evil trolls and wizards, but they could face challenges where they will need friends’ help, as Harry Potter did.  They may not see their father defend a black man in an unwinnable trial, but they can appreciate the importance of standing up for what you believe in as Atticus Finch did.

Bibliotherapy, the process of using books to help those suffering from mental disorders, can be applied to children (sometimes called developmental bibliotherapy).  Kids can be given books like Missing May when they lose a loved one.  As with adults in therapy, children can come to understand their own problems and talk about them more easily through books.

Many are relieved to find that others have had the same disorder or problem and have coped successfully with it or recovered from it. (enotes, see first link)

I have used books like There is a Boy in the Girls’ Bathroom with elementary school students who struggle with behavior problems, and books like The Great Gilly Hopkins for gifted kids trying to understand why they are different.  Books are great levelers, and great healers.  Sometimes it’s easier to talk about a character’s problems than your own, but you are really talking about yours.

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arroate | Student

While reading and studying literature certainly offers to train students in the practical skills of reading comprehension and analysis (among many others), it also encourages students to develop a sense of empathy for the characters found in what they read. This empathy can, in turn, manifest itself beyond the text in the interactions readers have with other members of humanity in day to day life. Reading accounts of racism in the Deep South within the pages of Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, or descriptions of sexism in Virginia Woolf's A Room of One's Own can inform the reader's own understanding of these ideals. Reading of the struggles of characters as they battle, often unsuccessfully, social stigmas can force the reader to recognize the negative consequences of such injustices even if they do not experience them personally. By recognizing these issues in literature, the reader becomes more attuned to them in their life beyond the text. Thus, literature can influence how readers view the world and others around them, causing them to feel empathy for others where once there was none.

mariahalyna | Student
The study of literature expands a student’s horizons just as earth sciences help us study the basic structures of the geographical and geological world around us. In many ways, literature also studies the structures that we create to understand the abstract ideas, thoughts, concerns, traditions and ways of life from a multitude of perspectives. Like a crystal with many facets, this study helps fulfill a reader’s own quest for understanding and curiosity. It helps shape the world they face or the past that helps inform the present. Students of literature begin to learn life skills that will help them develop their own points of view as they consider the stories that unfold in every piece of literature they read. These life skills include developing a map of the universal concerns and archetypes that storytellers explore. As a student explores this map, they begin to understand why storytelling has been so relevant to the enrichment of every culture throughout history. They are able to distinguish what types of stories seem to resonate most for people looking to explore all the aspects of humanity that broaden our appreciation of the relationships we build among those in our own societies and across cultural divides while considering social factors and the natural world. They begin to realize how important it is to consider the characters in a story as a means to identify cultural heroes, villains, their personalities, their strengths and weaknesses. In understanding character traits, actions, and how they navigate in a story’s plot, a student can reflect on themselves and their own sympathies, their own sense of right and wrong, their own curiosity about psychology, ideas and values. In today’s world, students can gain a lot of examples of values and individual qualities that aren’t just stated as hashtags online without context. Storytelling bears out qualities like honor, wisdom, understanding, patience, sinister cruelty, revenge and compassion to show the struggles that characters face. It maintains the interest of the reader in witnessing whether the character changes over the course of the story to either rise to the challenge and overcome their greatest internal or external challenges or fail because of shortcomings or the understanding that the world in the book will not allow them to achieve their aim. This helps students reflect on their own lives and adapt their own self-awareness to the qualities they themselves wish to develop within themselves. They can skillfully begin to see the potential for how to tackle the world around them, gauging and comparing their lives to characters they’ve read about. In the process, they learn how great stories are written and told. Since the humanities help all of us study society and culture in order to provide us a chance to see how we process and document existence, studying the work of authors allows a student to develop an appreciation for storytelling as a matter of interpretation. This is so crucial to our understanding of life, given that students will face so many interpretations of life in their own lives. They may begin to be able to develop a skill that sees patterns of thoughts and concerns from a time period. This skill helps define the main issues that many authors tackle using different genres, literary devices and storytelling approaches. This broadens a student’s own views as they consider various authors’ views on a subject that fascinates them. It can encourage their own thoughts and help them consider how they can express themselves by developing their own voice, which is an enriching experience. As they deepen their own human experience through exposure to different literature in studying the humanities, students grapple with important themes in life both in fiction and how this translates to their own life and decisions. This skill is highly valuable in helping determine someone’s preferred character in life and by understanding how certain characters act in their quests for power, fame, glory, facing mortality, attaining wealth, or rising above circumstances. Consequently, students can see beyond their own assumptions and opinions. This exchange of ideas advances one of humanity’s most fascinating developments: the ability to convey what a society through its authors holds dear and those traditions that help us deepen our own experience. They can then avoid a shallower existence that avoids challenging our minds and hearts to gain a bigger understanding of the world outside a narrow definition of humanity and our basic needs. It can help them open their minds to study philosophy, science, spiritual subjects, laws, the natural world, sociology, history, politics and economics. It can open the door to understanding how complicated life’s choices can be. It can also help a student fundamentally unravel some of their own expectations as they read a story and an author asks them to question their own expectations about answers to enduring questions about life within a story. Therefore, it builds their intellectual curiosity. If they relate, the story can transform them and add value to musings they have in life. This can help them reflect on our common fears, hopes, imaginative explorations, reactions to social conventions and representations of life. Even if a story explores plots, characters, settings and circumstances that are very different than a student’s own life, the advantage of reading literature is that they continue to build skills like empathy, their own sense of self, and develop a critical view to analyze how the story impacted them. That in and of itself is a very crucial skill. It will last with them throughout their lives as they grapple with all their own life’s twists and turns. They learn to develop mental strength and storytelling wisdom, mentally preparing their own sense of courage and decision-making to take on the different personalities they will encounter in their own life through reflection and analysis. When they consider how stories have helped them look deeper within themselves to help build themselves up in different predicaments and opportunities that life offers them, they become more rounded individuals that can relate to more people and contribute more to the quality of our collective lives. If the study is explored effectively, then they see the structures of the world just as those who study earth scientists do. They see the structure of stories and how characters, settings and symbols are described throughout an author’s work and develop their own communication skills and crystallize their own voice. This shapes not only an understanding of the author’s exploration of aspects of humanity, but, most importantly, helps the student shape their own continual understanding, able now to cite literary examples to support their own point of view. This ability is one that is a transferable skill in life’s many professional and personal circumstances.
udonbutterfly | Student

When I was a kid I use to think of literature as the best way to get kids to basically read a movie and get us to really think about. Literature opens up the gates for kids and adults alike to literally read through the lines and thus apply it to every day life. Just like books are more than the words on each page like is more than the representation people present and books challenge us to see past that.

Studying literature also gives many perspectives on life from every cultural background to lifestyles. Studying literature truly is knowledge!

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jafarinarsis | Student

reading literature rises your emotins and you will have different look through life. i mean that you will have beautiful view to yuor life, moreover you will have philosophical opinion about every thing specially about difficulties in life.

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tempestuousquill | Student

Through the study of literature, students can develop critical thinking skills, learning how to make predictions, weigh pros and cons, and come to conclusions based on logically thinking on the facts and information they are presented. Literature also teaches students how to read between the lines and detect universal themes.

Also the more you read the more your writing can potentially improve. Literacy is important, and reading comprehension is essential to function and be successful in career oriented professions and communications.

-Lissa

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slander | Student

Hi

As a student studying English literature for the very first time in my life, I learnd how to appreciate literature as it should.

 

All the best

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orthlefoxxe | Student

I agree. We may think literature is as if not in the majjor priority of study but it does help a lot. When we do math we are able to solve problems but literature thought as how to express our selves, it is not always clerical.

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snehabamel | Student

i agree 4 it adds the knowledge of society the lifestyle the vocabulary critical analysis...but the best is it gives us chanc to be in a situation which one had orleardy gone through(i mean the emotions we go through while reading a novel or poetry)...n the words and phrases used makes it magical leaving behind the impact giving us wide perspective of life..we simply learn from others life(atleast a part which touch us) 

 

#17 i just luved not to judge but to b aware

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sesh | Student

Literature is not a mere subject, it's a study of the society we live. Literature can be found everywhere not only in the books but also in the roads, and even in the classrooms. What we find in books is just written documents of knowledge about society.

So learning literature helps to analyze the situations easily, providing an insight. At the same time, literature helps to mould one's personalities. It can make a person look into the world from a wide angle. All and all it is a subject for life, not to judge but to be aware.

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carbovader | Student

Just like sociology, studying literature gives one an insight about other cultures and their norms. A simple research on a simple essay yeilds so many results that one is lost in them. The study of literature offers so many uncounted benefits. Firstly, it offers one a way to critically analyse every situation in a logical way. For example. I used to watch movies before without much of critical appreciation, and just either state that i liked it or not. But now, literature and its analyses has shown me how to critically watch a movie or read a book, how to find the oblivious faults in it, its flawas, and the hidden plots. It offers a complete new vista of world, and through new eyes. It also increases one's vocabulary. One also learns how one would act in such a situation as one might have read in a book or read in a poetry.

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uttamkumari | Student

Literature  is a  subject that  belongs  to  the  humanities  discipline and  it  means that  human  - beings  are  given    an  appropriate place  in  it . Since  times  immemorial  human  beings  have been  trying to  evolve  better policies , better living  standards  for  one  and all  and  also  other  creatures  are given  their due  respect in this  beautiful  world . The  study  about how  how  humans  adapt  themselves  in  an  environment  ,  how  their  thoughts  and  feelings  and  experiences  changes over time  and circumstances  is  important . Literature guides  us  about  the way human  beings  are  going  in  this world . Literature gives  us  a  picture of  the  thoughts,  feelings  and experiences  about this world  and  human  life in  general . Literature  is  important because  it  moulds  our human  behaviour and redirects our paths to  the eternal  truth .

We  gain  a  lot  of  information about  how  people  live , what they do etc and  also it  improves  our  reading skills . We  grasp beautiful  phrases and  words  that touch us  and  come  to  improve  our  knowledge  of  vocabulary as  well  as  writing skills because  from  the words  we get a  picture  of how we  can construct better writing .  

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shgle | Student

Students gain a percpetion of ife, an insight into the meaning of so many things

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