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A Separate Peace

by John Knowles
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Why is it significant that Finny excels at sports while Gene shines in academics?

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Finny's success in athletics is juxtaposed in the story with Gene's academics. This juxtaposition emphasizes Gene's quiet, studious nature, often very lacking in confidence, with that of Finny, who seems supremely confident in everything he does. He is robust, physically active, and outgoing, basically everything Gene is not. This difference...

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Finny's success in athletics is juxtaposed in the story with Gene's academics. This juxtaposition emphasizes Gene's quiet, studious nature, often very lacking in confidence, with that of Finny, who seems supremely confident in everything he does. He is robust, physically active, and outgoing, basically everything Gene is not. This difference in interests and personality creates the tension that really drives the whole book, though it becomes clear that Finny doesn't really share in that tension, at least not as much as Gene. Ultimately, they are two very different people, and Gene envies the ease with which Finny goes about his life, especially his athletic prowess.  

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At times through the course of A Separate Peace, Gene is completely content to be Finny's best friend and to follow wherever Finny leads; at other times, Gene feels insecure and competitive about the relationship. The difference in areas of ability between the two boys becomes the background for the conflict that shapes the story.

Finny is a naturally superior athlete - he doesn't need to work at being graceful or fast or strong or any of the characteristics he demonstrates effortlessly. Gene is the better student, by far, but he does need to study in order to maintain his grades. When Gene first becomes aware of this distinction, he immediately interprets it as being a competition, a conscious effort by Finny to distract him from his studies so that Finny can maintain his position of supremacy.

He had won and been proud to win the Galbraith football Trophy and the Contact Sport Award,...If I was head of the class on Graduation DAy and made a speech and won the Ne Plus Ultra Scholastic Achievement Citation, then we would both have come out on top, we would be even, that was all....He minded, despised the possibility that I might be the head of the school.

Later, the realization that Finny did not see the difference as a contest, that Gene was the insecure one misinterpreting the situation, drove Gene to unconsciously bounce the tree branch.

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